"Olympia", 1863 - oil on canvas, 130.5 - 190 cm. - Paris, Musée d'Orsay
We can say that this is one of the most controversial paintings of all time, and it was not well received by the critics when it was first exhibited in 1865. "Who is that yellow odalisque?", asked Jules Claretie from L'Artiste, while Antonin Proust declared that "If the canvas of the Olympia was not destroyed, it is only because of the precautions that were taken by the administration". The painting was, however, admired by Émile Zola.